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A.1. PROMOTION OF TECHNICAL COOPERATION AMONG DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (TCDC)

A.1.1. THE AFRA REGIONAL STRATEGIC COOPERATIVE FRAMEWORK

At the AFRA High Level Policy Review Seminar held in Aswan in November 2007, the AFRA countries adopted a Regional Strategic Cooperative Framework (RCF). The summary of this document, known as the Profile of the AFRA Regional Strategic Cooperative Framework, is to be found in Annex 3.

The achievement of regional strategic goals requires active cooperation among African countries based on the RCF. The purpose of the RCF is to identify and prioritise regional cooperation opportunities for the sustainable promotion of peaceful applications of nuclear science and technology, on the basis of an in-depth assessment of the most pressing regional developmental problems, needs, and priorities in the African socio-economic context. The RCF is also meant to facilitate building of strategic partnerships with other relevant bilateral and multilateral bodies, agencies, and organizations.

The RCF will serve as a basis for the formulation of AFRA regional programmes and, in turn, will be used as a frame of reference in the process of development of AFRA regional projects. In this context, it is expected that the RCF will lead to the implementation of effective and efficient regional cooperation mechanisms.

Recognizing the need for technical cooperation between developing countries (TCDC) and for other technical assistance from developed countries, AFRA has put emphasis on the use of available regional expertise and existing facilities for the planning, implementation and auditing of cooperative programmes under six thematic areas, namely Human Health, Food and Agriculture, Water Resources, Energy, Industrial Applications and Radiation and Waste Safety.

In this regard, the establishment of appropriate regulatory infrastructure is a necessary pre-condition for the application of nuclear of nuclear technology in these thematic areas. This therefore calls for a proactive cooperation in the establishment and consolidation of radiation and waste safety infrastructure in Member States.

To fully implement the programmes and activities described in the RCF, it is vital for AFRA to consolidate collaboration other partners including regional organisations. This task is part of the Terms of Reference of the PartnershipBuilding and Resource Mobilisation Committee (AFRA-PBRMC) and the Programme Management Committee. (AFRA-PMC).

A.1.2. AFRA ACTION PLAN FOR THE PROMOTION OF TCDC MODALITY

In order to promote intra-and inter-regional cooperation to further extend TCDC modality under the framework of AFRA, the following action plan was adopted by AFRA Member States:

Intra-regional

  1. The AFRA-PMC will compile all available data on TCDC in its Member States, including the National Coordinator of each country, the on-going TCDC activities, the annual budget allocated for TCDC, as well as the present and future needs which can be answered through TCDC modality. National Coordinators will be required to help collect and compile data on their countries.  A list of TCDC promotional and operational activities under AFRA, giving a short summary of each project’s activity will be prepared and sent to all AFRA Member States as well as to ARCAL and RCA;
  2. AFRA will assist African Member States wishing to embark on TCDC activities to initiate inter-country TCDC programming as part of AFRA’s upstream work for the design and formulation of technically and developmentally sound projects;
  3. The AFRA-PMC will follow-up closely the implementation of TCDC activities and report to the AFRA TWGMs and Meetings of Representatives. Regular assessment of opportunities, weaknesses, strengths and achievements of the countries’ contributions and impact should be performed by the AFRA-PMC;
  4. The planned actions and achievements attained through TCDC should be highlighted in a special booklet to be used by the AFRA-PBRMC for fund mobilization;
  5. The results obtained through the above-mentioned actions should be carefully reviewed during the TWGMs and meetings of Representatives and further actions should be recommended in order to achieve the desired level of cooperation in the region using TCDC modality.

Inter-regional

  1. The role of the AFRA-PMC specified above could be duplicated in the other three agreements to provide executive groups to handle inter-regional interactions during the course of the year.
  2. A mechanism should be established whereby details of successful ventures, innovations or improved practices established in one group are expeditiously communicated and transferred to the other three for possible implementation.  This also implies that inventories of the above be maintained by the four groups;
  3. Cross-regional joint ventures between Member States of different groups should be encouraged where synergy prevails or where direct relevant assistance can be provided with a mutual benefit situation arising from such collaboration;
  4. As the standard of projects improves, it can be envisaged that this joint venture approach could attract participation from outside the regions in collaborative efforts without sacrificing mutual benefits which are essential for success.  This would expand the support network for TCDC significantly to include Developed Countries in the technical interface region, not only as donors but as participants;
  5. AFRA Member States are encouraged to initiate “public relations” activities to increase the awareness of the value of TCDC modalities and especially the short-term deployment of experts, consultants and trainees in the development process. This would visibly demonstrate to developing and developed Member Stated the viability of TCDC in the implementation of technical co-operation projects.